The many wetlands and reserves across the region are a haven for birdlife (up to 200 species). The Kerang Lakes are recognised as internationally important wetlands under the Ramsar Convention.
The Kerang Ramsar site comprises of 23 lakes and swamps on the lower reaches of the Avoca and Loddon Rivers and the Pyramid Creek. It is a very diverse system and the wetlands are large and differ widely in permanence, depth, salinity and vegetation type. The wetlands regularly support large numbers of water birds.
The wetlands of Gunbower Island support a unique array of water birds, wildlife and aquatic plants and animals, with over 170 bird species recorded. It also contains 24 reptile species, a variety of fish and approximately 200 plant species.