The Indigenous people of Murray River Country have a close affinity with the rivers and landscapes of this unique natural environment. Dhungala, the mighty waterway known today as the Murray River, winds its way through Yorta Yorta, Wamba Wamba and Barapa Barapa Traditional Lands where the original inhabitants and custodians have lived for tens of thousands of years.
The Murray River and its environs are full of artefacts and evidence of Aboriginal habitation. Scarred trees, shell middens, cooking mounds, burial grounds, marker trees and sacred sites are all obvious reminders of the long and careful association and occupation of this land by the ancestors of the Yorta Yorta, Wamba Wamba and Barapa Barapa peoples.
The Barmah-Millewa forest complex lies at the heart of the Ancestral lands of the Yorta Yorta Nation on both sides of the Murray River near Barmah and forms the largest continuous natural River Red Gum-forest in the world. It is rich in plant and animal diversity and its ecology is closely linked to the flooding regime of the river and its associated wetlands creating a favoured natural habitat for water-birds and freshwater fish, important food sources for the Traditional Owners.